The National Assembly passed the Financial Services Bill last week. I voted against it. I did so because the Bill seems to favour foreign investors over our own people and companies.
Section 50, on restrictions on ownership of financial institution and investments by financial institutions, reads:
No person shall hold more than the following percentage of interest in shares of a financial institution:
(a) in case of an individual, 10 percent,
(b) in the case of a company not being a financial institution, 20 percent
(c) in the case of a company being a financial institution, as per the limit provided under section 53 below, and
(d) in case of a foreign financial institution, as per the RMA regulations in line with the foreign direct investment policy
According to Section 53:
No financial institution can have ownership in another financial institution exceeding 5 percent of the other financial institutions’ paid up capital.
And RMA regulations currently allow foreign financial institutions to own 51 percent of a financial institution’s paid up capital.
So, here’s what I took exception to:
Our people cannot own more than 10%, and our companies cannot own more than 20% of a financial institution. But a foreign company can own 51%.
Our financial institutions cannot own more than 5% of another financial institution. But a foreign financial institution can own 51%.
The Bill favours foreign companies over our own companies. And how did the government respond when they realized this bias? They protected government owned companies by inserting a new subsection under Section 50, one that reads:
(e) in the case of Ministry of Finance, RGoB, 75%.